Swagger spec generator for play framework

This project is maintained by iheartradio

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Swagger API spec generator for Play

A library that generates swagger specs from route files and case class reflection, no code annotation needed.

Principles in this lib

  1. No code pollution (e.g. annotation)
  2. DRY (extract as much information from the code as possible)
  3. When documenting an endpoint, it should be just swagger specification that you need to write. You shall not need to learn another API or spec format.

Which translates to

  1. Write your swagger specification in your routes files as comments (json or yml)
  2. Reference your case classes in your swagger spec and play-swagger will generate definitions
  3. Override anything in either the swagger spec in comment or the base swagger spec file (swagger.yml or swagger.json in your conf)

Day-to-day usage

For installation/get-started see the next section.

A simple example

In a cards.routes which is referenced in routes as

->  /api/cards    cards.Routes

You can write the following swagger spec in comment (This example is in yml, but json is also supported). The comment has to start and end with ###.

If you don't write any comment here the endpoint is still going to be picked up by play-swagger, the parameters will be included but there will not be any response format. This allows newly added endpoints to be automatically included in swagger with some basic information.

 #  summary: create a card 
 #  responses:
 #    200:
 #      description: success
 #      schema:
 #        $ref: '#/definitions/com.iheart.api.Protocol.CardCreated'
 POST      /users/:profileId/contexts/:contextName/cards       controllers.api.Cards.createCard(profileId: Int, contextName: Option[String])

Note that everything in the comment is just standard swagger definition, and it $refs to a case class CardCreated, which is defined in a Protocol object, and it references another case class Card. Here is the source code:

package com.iheart.api

object Protocol {
  case class CardCreated(card: Card)

  case class Card(id: Int, name: String)

This will generate the path with summary, tags, parameters and a response with schema defined, which comes from the comments and case class reflection. It also recursively generates definitions from your case class.
These schemas assumes that you are using a simple Json.format[CardCreated] to generate the json response out of this class. If not, you will have to write the definition yourself in the base swagger spec and reference it here at the endpoint (give it a different name than the full package name though, play-swagger will try to generate definitions for any $ref that starts with the domain package name).

The result swagger specs will look like:

Get Started

In short you need to create a controller that uses the library to generate the swagger spec and make it available as an endpoint. Then you just need to have a swagger UI instance to consumer that swagger spec.

Step 1

add Swagger API dependency to your sbt

resolvers += Resolver.jcenterRepo

libraryDependencies +=  "com.iheart" %% "play-swagger" % "0.1.9"

Step 2

Play swagger is just a library that generates a swagger spec json for you. You can do anything you want with that json object (e.g. save it to a file), but the most common usage would be serving it in an endpoint in your play app. Here is how: Add a controller to your Play app that serves the swagger spec

class ApiSpecs @Inject() (router: Router, cached: Cached) extends Controller {
  implicit val cl = getClass.getClassLoader

  // The root package of your domain classes, play-swagger will automatically generate definitions when it encounters class references in this package.
  // In our case it would be "com.iheart", play-swagger supports multiple domain package names
  val domainPackage = "YOUR.DOMAIN.PACKAGE"  
  val secondDomainPackage = "YOUR.OtherDOMAIN.PACKAGE"
  private lazy val generator = SwaggerSpecGenerator(domainPackage, secondDomainPackage)

  def specs = cached("swaggerDef") {  //it would be beneficial to cache this endpoint as we do here, but it's not required if you don't expect much traffic.   
    Action { _ 


Step 3

add an end point to the routes file

# summary: swagger definition
# description: for swagger UI to consume
GET   /docs/swagger.json         @controllers.swagger.ApiSpecs.specs

Step 4

Add a base swagger.yml (or swagger.json) to your resources folder. This one needs to provide all the required fields according to swagger spec E.g.

  swagger: "2.0"
    title: "Poweramp API"
    description: "Power your music"
    version: "1.0.0"
    - "https"
    - application/json
    - application/json

Step 5a

Deploy a swagger ui and point to the swagger spec end point, or

Step 5b

Alternatively you can use swagger-ui webjar and have you play app serving the swagger ui:

Add the following dependency

libraryDependencies += "org.webjars" % "swagger-ui" % "2.1.2"

Add the following to your route file

### NoDocs ###
GET   /docs/swagger-ui/*file"/public/lib/swagger-ui", file:String)

Then you should be able to open the swagger ui at http://localhost:9000/docs/swagger-ui/index.html?url=/docs/swagger.json

How to contribute

If you have any questions/bug reports, please submit an issue on github. With good unit tests coverage, it's pretty easy to add/modify this library as well. Code contribution are more than welcome. Make sure that your code is tested and submit the pull request!


How to override?

To override any of the automatically generated field, you just need to write the same part in your comment or base swagger spec file.

How to hide an endpoint?

If you don't want an end point to be included, add ### NoDocs ### in front of it e.g.

### NoDocs ###
GET   /docs/swagger-ui/*file"/public/lib/swagger-ui", file:String)

How to specify body content in a POST endpoint

Body content is specified as a special parameter in swagger. So you need to create a parameter in your swagger spec comment as "body", for example

#  parameters:
#    - name: body
#      schema:
#        $ref: '#/definitions/com.iheart.api.Track'
POST   /tracks       controller.Api.createTrack()

Again, play-swagger will generate the definition for com.iheart.api.Track case class

How do I use a different "host" for different environment?

The library returns play JsObject, you can change however you want like

val spec = ps.generate(routeDocuments) + ("host" -> JsString(myHost)) 

How to find more examples?

In the tests! /test/scala/com.iheart.playSwagger/SwaggerSpecGeneratorSpec.scala